Hemodialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (HDD-CKD)

Hemodialysis-dependent Chronic Kidney Disease (HDD-CKD)

Hemodialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (HDD-CKD) is a form of kidney disease that requires a person to have regular hemodialysis treatments to stay alive. This type of kidney disease is most common in people with advanced kidney failure, high blood pressure, diabetes, or those with a history of kidney transplants.

People with HDD-CKD typically have poor renal function and impaired kidney function, meaning the kidneys are not filtering waste as efficiently as they should. This increases the risk of developing complications and increases the need for regular, meticulous dialysis treatments.

HDD-CKD affects millions of people all over the world. In the United States, there are an estimated 500,000 people on hemodialysis.

Symptoms of HDD-CKD

Common symptoms of HDD-CKD include:

  • Tiredness
  • Nausea
  • Weight loss
  • Itching
  • Fluid retention
  • Muscle cramps
  • Metallic taste in the mouth
  • Decreased appetite

These symptoms can be managed with proper treatment. There are several medicines available to help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.

Complications of HDD-CKD

People with HDD-CKD are at a higher risk of developing serious complications, such as:

  • Anemia
  • Infectious diseases
  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Stroke
  • Kidney stones
  • Pericarditis

Early detection and intervention is key when it comes to managing HDD-CKD. Treatments focus on slowing the progression of the disease and managing symptoms.

Treatment of HDD-CKD

Treatment for HDD-CKD includes:

  • Dialysis: Regular dialysis treatments are required to filter waste from the blood.
  • Medication: Medications may be prescribed to control high blood pressure, lower cholesterol levels, and prevent/treat infection.
  • Diet: A healthy, balanced diet is key for managing HDD-CKD. A dietitian can help you plan a diet that meets your needs.
  • Exercise: Regular exercise can help improve overall health and wellbeing. Check with your doctor before beginning a new exercise program.

Prevention of HDD-CKD

There are several ways to reduce your risk of developing HDD-CKD.

  • Control high blood pressure: A high blood pressure increases the risk of developing HDD-CKD. Eating a healthy diet, exercising, and controlling your weight can help keep blood pressure levels in check.
  • Quit smoking: Smoking increases the risk of developing HDD-CKD. Quitting smoking is the best way to reduce your risk.
  • Stay active: Regular exercise can help keep your weight and blood pressure in check. Participating in healthy activities like walking, swimming, or biking can help reduce your risk of developing HDD-CKD.
  • Eat a healthy diet: Eating healthy, whole foods can help reduce your risk of HDD-CKD. Eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains can help keep your kidneys healthy.