Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infection (ABSSSI)

Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infection (ABSSSI)

Acute bacterial skin and skin structure infection (ABSSSI) is an infection that is often caused by gram-positive bacteria, most commonly Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. It is generally characterized by localized pain, swelling, redness, and warmth of the affected areas. ABSSSI can affect any part of the body, including the face, neck, chest, back, and arms. It is most commonly seen in patients with underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, cancer, and autoimmune diseases. If left untreated, it can lead to serious complications such as sepsis, tissue necrosis, and organ failure.

ABSSSI is primarily treated with antibiotics. Depending on the severity of the infection, antibiotics may be given orally, intramuscularly, or intravenously. Other supportive treatments such as wound dressings, rest, and elevation of the affected area may also be recommended to help reduce pain and inflammation. In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to remove necrotic tissue or to drain an abscess.

Preventive Measures

In order to prevent ABSSSI, it is important to take measures to keep the skin healthy and well-nourished. This can include:

  • Maintaining good hygiene by regularly washing with mild, soap-free cleansers.
  • Avoiding sharing items such as towels, razors, and cosmetics with others.
  • Avoiding contact with people with contagious skin infections.
  • Wearing loose-fitting clothing and breathable fabrics, particularly in hot weather.
  • Applying sunscreen when outdoors.

It is also important to seek prompt medical attention if any signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, pain, or discharge, are present. Early treatment is essential in order to prevent the infection from worsening.