Cutaneous Dermatophytosis

Cutaneous Dermatophytosis

Cutaneous dermatophytosis is a fungal infection of the skin, hair, and nails, also known as “ringworm” or “athlete’s foot.” The rash is highly contagious and spreads through direct contact with an infected person or animal. It can also be spread through contact with objects like towels, locker room floors, and other surfaces with fungus or spores.

The infection causes raised, itchy pink or red scaly rashes which can appear anywhere on the body. Without proper treatment, rashes will spread and worsen. Treatment usually consists of antifungal creams, lotions, or powders. However, in more severe cases, oral antifungal medications may be prescribed.

Signs and Symptoms

The most common signs and symptoms of cutaneous dermatophytosis include:

  • Red to pink, scaly, itchy patches of skin
  • Patches of skin which may swell and crack
  • Thick, crumbly nails
  • White, flakey patches on the scalp or other hairy areas

Risk Factors

The following factors may increase the risk of developing cutaneous dermatophytosis:

  • Having a weakened immune system
  • Increasing age
  • Frequent skin contact with soil, animals, or people
  • Humid climates
  • Flat feet


Treatment for cutaneous dermatophytosis generally includes antifungal medications in the form of creams, lotions, or powders, depending on the location of the infection. For more severe infections, oral antifungal medications may be prescribed.

In addition to medications, it is important to maintain good hygiene to prevent the infection from spreading. This includes washing your hands frequently, avoiding sharing personal items, and washing bedding and clothing regularly.