Oropharynx lesion biopsy

Oropharynx Lesion Biopsy

Biopsies of oropharynx lesions are being done increasingly more often, as more oropharyngeal cancers are found during routine dental and physical exams. The procedure is comprehensive and precise, allowing for accurate diagnoses and appropriate treatment. A better understanding of it may give some peace of mind to patients and practitioners.


  • Patients will be asked to avoid food and drink for at least two hours before the test.
  • The patient may also need to take antibiotics as a protective measure.
  • The patient should inform the practitioner if they are taking any medications such as aspirin, anticoagulants, or blood thinners, as these may need to be stopped prior to the procedure.


Biopsies of oropharynx lesions can be done through a variety of methods. The most common method is an endoscopic procedure, which involves the use of a thin, flexible, lighted tube inserted through the mouth or nose to view the oropharynx and take tissue samples. If a lesion is found, the endoscope can be used to take small samples, which can then be examined in a lab.

Other methods of biopsy may include a needle biopsy, an excisional biopsy, or a brush biopsy. With a needle biopsy, a doctor will use a needle to take a small sample of tissue from the lesion. With an excisional biopsy, the doctor will remove the entire lesion and have it checked. A brush biopsy, also known as an endobronchial brush biopsy, involves a doctor using a flexible brush to take cells from a lesion.


There are several types of oropharynx lesion biopsies that can be done. The most common type of biopsy is an endoscopic biopsy, which involves using an endoscope to view the lesion and take a sample of tissue. Other types of biopsies that can be done include a needle biopsy, an excisional biopsy, and a brush biopsy.


The most common risks associated with an oropharynx lesion biopsy include bleeding, infection, and damage to nearby structures. Additionally, there is a risk of the lesion spreading, although this risk is very slight. Before the procedure, patients should inform the doctor if they have any allergies or medical conditions that could increase the risk of complications.

Why Do It?

Oropharynx lesion biopsies are used to diagnose and treat abnormalities that may be present in the oropharynx. The biopsy can help determine if the lesion is benign or cancerous, which will help guide treatment decisions. Additionally, biopsies are used to check for infections or inflammatory conditions such as psoriasis.

When to Do It?

Oropharynx lesion biopsies should be done when a lesion is suspected or found during an exam. The biopsy should be done as soon as possible so that an accurate diagnosis can be made and treatment can begin if necessary.