Oral bacterial infection

What Are Oral Bacterial Infections?

Oral bacterial infections are caused by a variety of different bacteria that infect the mouth and throat. Also known as "stomatitis," these infections can range from mild to severe and may include a variety of symptoms. In advanced stages, oral bacterial infections can cause oral pain and even difficulty in eating or drinking. Left untreated, they can cause significant problems with overall health.

Types of Oral Bacterial Infections

Oral bacterial infections can be categorized into three main types: gingivitis, periodontitis, and tonsillitis. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that is usually characterized by inflamed gums, bad breath, and bleeding after brushing or flossing. Periodontitis is a more severe form that involves damage to the gums, bone loss, and bad breath. Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils that can cause pain while swallowing, ear pain, and swollen lymph nodes.

Symptoms of Oral Bacterial Infections

Symptoms of oral bacterial infections can vary depending on the type and severity of the infection. Some common symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Pain while swallowing
  • Red, swollen gums
  • Bad breath
  • Tooth pain
  • Bleeding gums
  • White patches in the mouth

Treatment of Oral Bacterial Infections

Treatment for oral bacterial infections typically involves antibiotics to help clear the infection and improve overall oral health. In some cases, a dentist or orthodontist may need to be consulted for additional diagnosis and treatment. In addition to medication, good oral hygiene habits, such as brushing and flossing twice a day, can help prevent and treat oral bacterial infections.