Eye allergy

What is Eye Allergy?

Eye allergy, also known as allergic conjunctivitis, is a common eye problem that is caused by an allergic reaction to substances present in the environment such as pollen, dust mites, pet dander, molds, and even cosmetic products. It results in symptoms such as red, watery, itchy eyes along with swelling of the eye lids.

Signs and Symptoms of Eye Allergies

Eye allergies are usually accompanied by a number of symptoms. These include:

  • Itchy eyes
  • Burning sensation in eyes
  • Redness in eyes
  • Swelling of eyelids
  • Watery eyes
  • Crusty eyelids
  • Dark circles around the eyes

Causes of Eye Allergies

Eye allergies are usually caused by allergens that enter our bodies via the conjunctiva. These allergens include pollen, dust mites, pet dander, molds, and cosmetic products. Once these allergens settle in the conjunctiva they trigger an allergic reaction, resulting in symptoms such as redness, swelling, and watery eyes.

Treatments for Eye Allergies

There are several treatments available for an eye allergy. Here are some of them:

  • Over-the-counter antihistamines which can reduce the symptoms of an eye allergy.
  • Using eye drops and ointments that contain antihistamines to relieve itchy eyes.
  • Prescription eye drops that contain anti-inflammatories or mast cell stabilizers to reduce inflammation.
  • Steroid eyedrops to reduce inflammation.
  • Cool compresses or washing with lukewarm water to reduce itchiness and irritation.
  • Limiting exposure to allergens by keeping windows closed and using an air conditioner.