Severe Systemic candidiasis

What is Severe Systemic Candidiasis?

Severe systemic candidiasis is a serious fungal infection caused by a yeast Candida species (primarily Candida albicans). It occurs when the defense system of the body is compromised and allows the fungi to spread rapidly throughout the body. This type of infection is most common in individuals with weakened immune systems due to medical treatments or medical conditions.

Symptoms of Severe Systemic Candidiasis

Symptoms of severe systemic candidiasis may vary depending on the area of the body that is affected. Common symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Joint pain and muscle aches
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Skin rash
  • Sore throat
  • Shortness of breath

Causes of Severe Systemic Candidiasis

Severe systemic candidiasis is caused by a weakened immune system, that allows the fungus to rapidly spread throughout the body. This can be the result of medical treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy, or from medical conditions such as HIV/AIDS, diabetes, and cancer.

Diagnosis of Severe Systemic Candidiasis

The diagnosis of severe systemic candidiasis is done by laboratory tests that include culture of blood, cerebrospinal fluid, and urine. In addition, imaging tests such as a computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imagining (MRI) may be used to identify the extent of the infection.

Treatment of Severe Systemic Candidiasis

Treatment of severe systemic candidiasis may include antifungal medications, intravenous fluids, and antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infections. In addition, supportive care such as oxygen therapy and nutritional support may be necessary. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue.

Prevention of Severe Systemic Candidiasis

Prevention of severe systemic candidiasis can be done by avoiding activities that increase your risk of infection such as contact with someone else's body fluids, or by eating foods that contain high levels of sugar. It is also important to practice good hygiene, such as regularly washing your hands, and to be sure to get enough rest.