Uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections caused by streptococcus pyogenes

What are Uncomplicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections Caused by Streptococcus Pyogenes?

Uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections (uSSSI) caused by Streptococcus pyogenes are bacterial infections of the upper and lower layers of the skin, as well as associated structures such as the lips, hair follicles, and sweat and sebaceous glands. S. pyogenes (or “group A strep”) is a common cause of uSSSI and typically results in mild to moderate signs and symptoms at the site of infection. Common symptoms of an uSSSI caused by S. pyogenes include red and swollen skin, warmth, and pain when gently touched. It is important to note that uSSSI can become severe and may even spread to tissues beneath the skin if not treated quickly and appropriately.

Diagnosis and Treatment of uSSSI Caused by S. Pyogenes

A diagnosis of uSSSI caused by S. pyogenes is usually made based on a physical exam and cultures of the infected site. To diagnose the infection, a swab can be used to collect a sample from the infected site, and this sample can then be used to identify the type of bacteria that is causing the infection. Of note, S. pyogenes are usually sensitive to many different antibiotics. Treatment for uSSSI caused by group A strep usually involves a course of antibiotics (such as penicillin or erythromycin), which will be determined by a healthcare professional.

Preventing uSSSI Caused by Group A Strep

Preventing uSSSI caused by group A strep is important for maintaining good overall health. It can be done by following a few simple steps:

  • Maintain good hygiene by washing your hands frequently and thoroughly.
  • Avoid sharing personal care items, such as towels, razors, and combs.
  • Avoid sharing food and drinks.
  • Avoid contact with people who appear ill.
  • Keep the skin clean and dry.
  • Clean and cover minor cuts and scrapes.
  • See a doctor if infection occurs.