Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS), is a rare but serious disorder of the skin and mucous membranes. It is a type of severe skin reaction that often results in painful skin blisters and ulcers. SJS usually begins with flu-like symptoms, followed by a painful red or purplish rash that spreads and blisters.

SJS is most commonly caused by a drug reaction, such as an allergic reaction to a medication. Less common causes of SJS include infections, such as a virus or bacteria, or sunlight exposure. Most people affected by SJS will recover, however, it can be a very serious condition, and even life-threatening in some cases.


The most common symptoms of SJS are:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue
  • Red or purplish rash that spreads and blisters, and can affect the eyes, mouth, and genital area
  • Blisters inside the mouth, nose, and throat
  • Severe eye irritation
  • Scaling, peeling, and shedding of the top layer of skin

If you are experiencing these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention right away. Early detection and treatment are key to a successful recovery.


Treatment for SJS will vary depending on the severity and underlying cause. In mild cases, treatment may include supportive care and medications to help manage the symptoms. In severe cases, aggressive treatments, such as corticosteroids, may be necessary. In some cases, surgery may be required to treat complications that arise from SJS.

It is important to note that any medications that are thought to have caused or worsened SJS should be stopped immediately. Additionally, if you have been prescribed a new medication, it’s important to speak with your doctor about all of your options.


The best way to prevent SJS is to avoid the medications and other factors that can lead to an adverse reaction. Even if you have taken a certain medication in the past without any problem, it is important to be aware of the potential for a reaction if you take that medication again.

It’s also important to recognize the signs and symptoms of SJS so that medical attention can be sought quickly if they occur. If you experience any of the symptoms listed above, contact your doctor right away.