Stage T3 carcinoma of the prostate


What is Stage T3 Carcinoma of the Prostate?

Stage T3 carcinoma of the prostate is a rare form of prostate cancer that has spread to nearby pelvic and abdominal lymph nodes. The cancer cells in these lymph nodes are abnormal and can grow and spread throughout the body. In some cases, the cancer cells may even spread to other organs and tissues.

Stage T3 prostate cancer is considered to be an advanced form of the disease, which means that it is more difficult to treat than earlier stages and there is a greater chance for it to return. Stage T3 prostate cancer may require aggressive forms of treatment, which may include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy.

Symptoms of Stage T3 Carcinoma of the Prostate

The symptoms of stage T3 prostate cancer can vary from person to person, but some common symptoms include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Difficulty starting or stopping urination
  • Weak or interrupted urine stream
  • Pain or burning sensation during urination and ejaculation
  • Pain in the lower back, hip, or upper thighs
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Painful swelling of the legs or feet

Diagnosis of Stage T3 Carcinoma of the Prostate

In order to diagnose stage T3 prostate cancer, your doctor will perform a variety of tests, including:

  • A physical examination which may include a rectal exam to feel the prostate
  • A PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) Test, which measures the level of PSA in the blood
  • A biopsy of the prostate during which a sample of cells from the prostate is taken for examination
  • A transrectal ultrasound, which uses sound waves to create an image of the prostate
  • CT scan or MRI, which provide additional imaging of the prostate and nearby organs
  • Bone scan, which detects any cancer cells that have spread to the bones

Treatment of Stage T3 Carcinoma of the Prostate

The treatment of stage T3 prostate cancer can vary depending on the severity of the disease. The main treatments for stage T3 prostate cancer are:

  • Radiation therapy, which uses high-energy beams of radiation to destroy cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy, which uses drugs to kill cancer cells
  • Hormone therapy, which works by inhibiting the growth of cancer cells
  • Surgery, which may be an option if the cancer has not spread

In addition, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes to reduce your risk of the disease returning or progressing. These changes can include eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and quitting smoking if you are a smoker.