Pasteurella infections

What is Pasteurella Infection?

Pasteurella infection is a type of bacterial infection caused by a type of bacteria called Pasteurella multocida. It is found in saliva, feces, and respiratory secretions of many animals such as cats, dogs, goats, sheep, cattle, rabbits, rodents, birds, and many wild animals. Pasteurella infection can be spread to humans directly by contact with infected animals or indirectly from bites, scratches, saliva, and other contaminated animal secretions.

Signs and Symptoms of Pasteurella Infection:

Signs and symptoms of Pasteurella infection vary depending on the type of infection. Common signs and symptoms of Pasteurella infection include:

  • Skin lesions
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Chills
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Cough

Treatment for Pasteurella Infections:

Antibiotics are typically used to treat Pasteurella infections. The type of antibiotic prescribed will depend on the type of Pasteurella infection and the severity of the infection. Mild infections may be treated with a single dose of an oral antibiotic, while more severe infections may need to be treated with multiple doses of a stronger antibiotic. It is important that the course of antibiotics be completed even if the signs and symptoms of the infection are improving.

Prevention of Pasteurella Infection:

The best way to prevent Pasteurella infection is to avoid contact with animals that may be carrying the bacteria. When interacting with animals, it is important to wash hands thoroughly with soap and warm water afterwards. If scratches or bites do occur, they should be cleaned with soap and water and reported to a healthcare provider as soon as possible.