Posterior and Panuveitis

Posterior and Panuveitis: Overview

Posterior and panuveitis are two ocular inflammatory diseases that can affect the interior of the eye. These diseases are highly inflammatory and can lead to long-term or permanent vision loss if left untreated. Because of their inflammatory and progressive nature, immediate diagnosis and treatment is essential for preserving vision.

Symptoms of Posterior and Panuveitis

The most common symptoms of posterior and panuveitis are redness, pain, light sensitivity, floaters or blurred vision or decreased vision. Depending on the severity and extent of the inflammation other symptoms may include: floaters, reduced color vision, increased intraocular pressure, or a halo-like appearance around bright lights.

Causes of Posterior and Panuveitis

The exact cause of posterior and panuveitis is unknown. However, researchers believe the disease may be caused by various infectious agents, such as viruses, bacteria, or fungi. It is also thought that some autoimmune conditions may cause or contribute to the development of these diseases.

Treatment of Posterior and Panuveitis

The goal of treatment for posterior and panuveitis is to reduce inflammation and preserve vision. Treatment typically consists of topical, oral, or intravitreal medications to reduce inflammation. These include steroids, immunosuppressive drugs, and antifungal, antiviral, and antibacterial medications. In certain cases, systemic immunosuppressive medications may be used as well.

Prevention of Posterior and Panuveitis

Due to the unknown cause of posterior and panuveitis, there is no single method of prevention that can be used. However, it is recommended to practice good hygiene to limit the spread of infectious agents. In addition, individuals should seek immediate medical care when experiencing any ocular pain, redness, or vision changes.

Complications of Posterior and Panuveitis

The most serious complication associated with posterior and panuveitis is permanent vision impairment or loss. Other potential complications associated with these illnesses can include:

  • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • Retinal detachment
  • Macular edema
  • Uveitis recurrence