Moderate Atopic dermatitis

Moderate Atopic Dermatitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Atopic dermatitis, more commonly known as eczema, is a skin condition that affects millions of people. While mild cases can typically be managed with lifestyle changes and home remedies, more severe atopic dermatitis cases may require prescription medications or light therapy. Moderate atopic dermatitis lies between the two and has unique causes, symptoms, and treatments.

Causes of Moderate Atopic Dermatitis

The underlying cause of moderate atopic dermatitis is an overactive immune system. In individuals who are predisposed to atopic dermatitis, the immune system is hypersensitive and mistakes allergens or irritants for a dangerous invader. A result of this confusion is inflamming of the skin and the development of rashes. Other factors that can trigger moderate atopic dermatitis include:

  • Exposure to harsh chemicals or irritants
  • Extreme temperatures
  • Stress
  • Hormonal changes
  • Excessive sweating
  • Infections

Symptoms of Moderate Atopic Dermatitis

Moderate atopic dermatitis symptoms can vary from person to person, but generally include red, raised, and itchy rashes on the skin. Depending on the individual and exposure, the rashes can occur nearly anywhere on the body but are often found in the folds of the elbows, behind the knee, or on the face. Scratching the rashes can result in swelling and the development of crusty lesions.

Treatments for Moderate Atopic Dermatitis

Treatment plans for moderate atopic dermatitis typically involve a combination of lifestyle, home, and medical treatments. While all treatments focus on relieving the symptoms of atopic dermatitis, the goal is to maximize the skin’s healing and improve quality of life. The following is a list of common treatments for moderate atopic dermatitis.

  • Lifestyle Changes: Low stress, proper hydration, and wearing loose-fitting clothing are all important lifestyle changes that can improve the symptoms of moderate atopic dermatitis. Avoiding extremes of temperature and triggering allergens can also make a difference.
  • Moisturizers: To reduce dryness and discomfort, applying lotions and moisturizers to affected areas 4-5 times per day is typically recommended.
  • Medicated Creams/Ointments: Medicated ointments and creams such as topical corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, and calcineurin inhibitors are often prescribed to reduce inflammation and discomfort.
  • Light Therapy: Phototherapy is a type of light therapy that is used to treat moderate cases of atopic dermatitis. The procedure uses ultraviolet light to reduce inflammation and promote healing.

Moderate atopic dermatitis can be a frustrating condition to manage and requires a multidisciplinary approach. It’s important to talk to a dermatologist to develop a personalized treatment plan that’s appropriate for your body and lifestyle.