Renal parenchymal hypertension

Renal Parenchymal Hypertension

Renal Parenchymal Hypertension is an elevation in arterial blood pressure in the kidney caused by damage to the arterioles of the renal parenchyma - the functional kidney tissue. This trauma can lead to a narrowing of the afferent arteriole and a decrease in the kidney's ability to regulate blood pressure.

The following factors are known to contribute to Renal Parenchymal Hypertension:

  • Kidney disease
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Connective tissue disorders
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Glomerulonephritis

Renal Parenchymal Hypertension can cause a decrease in renal blood flow, leading to a decrease in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and an increase in serum creatinine and potassium. Additionally, patients may have symptoms such as dyspnea, fatigue, and abdominal pain.

Treatment of Renal Parenchymal Hypertension depends on the underlying cause. If kidney disease is the cause, treatment may include medications to reduce kidney damage and control blood pressure. If the cause of Renal Parenchymal Hypertension is atherosclerosis, treatments may include medications to lower cholesterol and reduce blood pressure. In some cases, surgery may be required, such as balloon angioplasty or stenting to open blocked blood vessels.

It is important to get medical help right away if you experience any of the symptoms of Renal Parenchymal Hypertension. Early diagnosis and treatment are key in preventing serious complications.