Prostatic Hypertrophy

What is Prostatic Hypertrophy?

Prostatic hyperplasia, commonly known as an enlarged prostate, is a disorder that affects many men worldwide. It is caused when the prostate gland, which is located between the bladder and rectum, enlarges in size due to excess growth of prostate tissue. This condition is more common in men over the age of 50 and it can cause a number of unpleasant symptoms, such as an increased need to urinate.

Symptoms of Prostatic Hypertrophy

When the size of the prostate increases, it begins to press on the bladder and urethra, which leads to a range of urinary symptoms. The most common of these are:

  • A weak urinary stream or a feeling that the bladder is not completely emptied
  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • Difficulty starting and stopping urination
  • Pain or burning sensation during urination
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain in the lower back or pelvic area

Diagnosis and Treatment

If you experience any of the above symptoms, it is important to see your doctor as soon as possible for a diagnosis. Your doctor will most likely order a physical examination, serum testing, and imaging tests to make a diagnosis. Prostatic hypertrophy can be treated using a variety of methods, such as medication, surgery, or minimally invasive procedures. The treatment that is best for you will depend on the severity of your condition and your overall health.

Preventing Prostatic Hypertrophy

Although the exact cause of prostatic hyperplasia is not known, there are some steps that you can take to reduce your risk of developing the condition. Some risk factors for prostatic hyperplasia are aging, family history, and lifestyle habits, including:

  • Eating a healthy diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • Exercising regularly
  • Avoiding alcohol and cigarettes
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Talking to your doctor about any supplements that you may be taking

By following these lifestyle tips, you can reduce your risk of developing prostatic hyperplasia and maintain good overall health.