Testosterone: What is It?

Testosterone is a hormone that is produced mainly by the male body, although small amounts are also produced by the female body. It is responsible for male characteristics, such as deepening of the voice, facial hair growth, and increased muscle mass. It is also important in women, as it helps maintain strong bones and helps regulate the menstrual cycle.

Testosterone Preparation, Procedure, and Types

Testosterone can be measured in the blood as part of a routine health check-up. A blood sample will be taken and sent to a lab for testing. Testosterone levels can also be measured by a saliva test. Testosterone replacement therapy is usually done by injecting the hormone into the muscle or under the skin.

Two most common forms of testosterone are testosterone cypionate and testosterone enanthate. Testosterone cypionate is usually injected intramuscularly, while testosterone enanthate is injected more slowly and generally requires fewer injections.

Risks and Complications of Testosterone Therapy

Testosterone therapy can cause several side effects, including fatigue, headache, and acne. It can also increase the risk of stroke, heart attack, and blood clots in some people. Other risks and complications include an enlarged prostate, decreased sperm count, and increased risk of developing prostate cancer. It is important to discuss any possible risks with your doctor before beginning testosterone therapy.

Why, When, and Who Should Get Testosterone Therapy?

Testosterone replacement therapy is usually recommended for men who have abnormally low levels of testosterone due to an underlying medical condition. It can help improve libido, mood, strength, and energy levels. Women with low levels of testosterone can also benefit, although more research is needed to evaluate the long-term effects of testosterone replacement therapy in women.

Testosterone therapy should always be done under the supervision of a medical professional, such as an endocrinologist. It is important to get regular check-ups and blood tests to ensure that the therapy is working properly and that the testosterone levels are within the normal range.