Burning Mouth Syndrome

Burning Mouth Syndrome

Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) is a chronic condition causing mouth pain, on the tongue or other areas of the mouth, for months or years. In BMS, there is no underlying medical or dental condition to explain the mouth pain. Persons with BMS report a burning, scalding, or tingling sensation that may be constant or intermittent.

Approximately 1-5% of the general population is affected by Burning Mouth Syndrome. It typically occurs in postmenopausal women, but it can occur in both genders at any age. Pain in BMS is often most intense in the mornings and dissipates throughout the day. It gradually gets worse as the day progresses.

Symptoms of burning mouth syndrome

  • Burning of mouth or tongue
  • Dry mouth
  • Metallic or bitter taste
  • Loss of taste sensation
  • Soreness
  • Dry lips

Causes of Burning Mouth Syndrome

The exact cause of burning mouth syndrome isn't yet known. It appears to be related to factors such as changes in hormones, allergies, nerve damage, acid reflux, and infections.

Treatments for Burning Mouth Syndrome

Some treatments that may help with the pain of Burning Mouth Syndrome:

  • Sucking on ice chips
  • Using an alcohol-free mouthwash
  • Avoiding acidic, spicy, and sweet foods and drinks
  • Eating bland, cool foods such as yogurt or smoothies
  • Taking a multivitamin
  • Treating any acid reflux or oral thrush if present
  • Using prescribed medications, such as antidepressants, or topical treatments

If you are experiencing symptoms of Burning Mouth Syndrome, talk to your doctor. They can review your symptoms and develop a plan of treatment to help relieve your pain.