Nervous System Disorders

Nervous System Disorders

The nervous system is an important part of the body which controls and coordinates body functions. It enables us to interact with the environment and respond to the changes. Sometimes, the nervous system can be disrupted due to various diseases and disorders. Such conditions are known as nervous system disorders. Nervous system disorders are any condition or disorder that affects the functioning of the nervous system.

Common nervous system disorders include:

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Stroke
  • Epilepsy
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)
  • Autism
  • Motor neuron disease
  • Tourette syndrome (TS)
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

Depending on the cause of the disorder, symptoms of nervous system disorders can vary. Common symptoms may include:

  • Headache
  • Seizures
  • Muscle weakness, aches, and pains
  • Numbness or tingling in the extremities or face
  • Tremors or loss of coordination
  • Problems with vision, hearing or speech
  • Confusion or difficulty concentrating
  • Changes in mood or behavior
  • Difficulty swallowing or speaking
  • Difficulty with balance or walking

Treatment for nervous system disorders will vary depending on the cause and severity of the condition. Common treatment methods may include medications, physical therapy, lifestyle changes, and surgery. For some disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease, no cure is available. However, treatments may help to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life.