Disseminated Neurodermatitis

What is Disseminated Neurodermatitis

Disseminated neurodermatitis is a chronic, non-infectious disorder that affects the skin. It is characterized by an itch-scratch-itch cycle, which tends to worsen over time. The condition is most often seen in elderly patients who have weakened immune systems. It can also be seen in younger individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV or cancer.

Symptoms of Disseminated Neurodermatitis

The primary symptom of disseminated neurodermatitis is itching. This can range from mild to severe and can occur in any area of the body. In addition to itching, the affected areas of skin may also be dry and thin, or red and inflamed. In severe cases, the skin may crack or even bleed. The most common areas affected are the inner elbows, outer ears, ankle, groin, neck, lower back, and armpits.

Causes of Disseminated Neurodermatitis

The exact cause of disseminated neurodermatitis is not known. However, there are several factors that are thought to contribute to the condition, including:

  • Weakened immune system.
  • Hormonal changes.
  • Exposure to allergens.
  • Infections (viral or bacterial).
  • Stress and anxiety.
  • Certain medications or drugs.
  • Exposure to certain chemicals.

Treatment of Disseminated Neurodermatitis

Currently, there is no cure for disseminated neurodermatitis. Treatment is aimed at relieving the itching and inflammation and preventing infection. Treatment may include:

  • Topical steroid creams or ointments.
  • Antihistamines.
  • Antibiotics for secondary bacterial infections.
  • Moisturizers.
  • Avoiding triggers such as allergens, irritants, excessive heat or cold, and stress.
  • Light therapy.