Helicobacter Pylori (H. Pylori) Tests

Helicobacter Pylori (H. Pylori) Tests

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) are the bacteria which cause infection in the stomach and they can cause ulcers and some other conditions in the digestive system. It is important to diagnose any H. pylori infection, in order to treat it.

Here is everything that you need to know about H. pylori tests:

Preparation for H. Pylori Tests

These tests do not usually require much preparation or special arrangements. Your doctor will tell you more about what you need to do.

Types of H. Pylori Tests

Different tests are used to diagnose a H. pylori infection. Here are the most common tests that are used:

  • Urea breath test: This test involves breathing into a machine which measures the amount of urea in your breath. If the result is higher than normal, it is likely that you have a H. pylori infection.
  • Blood tests: Blood tests are used to detect the presence of antibodies against H. pylori. This is usually done with blood taken from a vein, but sometimes it is done with a fingerprick.
  • Stool sample: This test looks for the presence of H. pylori in the stool (feces).
  • Endoscopy: An endoscopy is an procedure that involves the use of a flexible tube with a camera on the end. It is inserted into your stomach and the doctor can look for signs of infection, such as sores or inflammation.
  • Biopsy: This is a procedure that involves taking a small sample of tissue from your stomach and examining it under a microscope. This is usually done during an endoscopy.

Risks and Complications of H. Pylori Tests

In general, these tests are safe and do not cause any risk or complications. However, some tests, such as endoscopy, can cause minor risks or complications, such as nausea and vomiting, chest pain or an allergic reaction.

Why is a H. Pylori Test done?

A H. pylori test is usually done to diagnose a H. pylori infection, which can cause ulcers, abdominal pain and other digestive issues. It is important to diagnose the infection in order to treat it.

When is it done?

The timing of the test will depend on the type of test that is being done. Some tests, such as the breath test, may be done in a single visit. Other tests, such as the endoscopy, may require several visits.

How Accurate are H. Pylori Tests?

The accuracy of the test will depend on the type of test that is being done. Generally speaking, the accuracy of these tests is quite high and they can be useful for diagnosing H. pylori infections.