Inflammatory Disease of the Oral Cavity

Inflammatory Disease of the Oral Cavity

Inflammatory disease of the oral cavity is an umbrella term for an array of medical conditions that cause inflammation in the mouth. It can include various infections, disorders or other diseases of the mouth or other areas of the throat. Oral inflammation is often a symptom of an underlying issue and should be evaluated by a professional. Learning to recognize the signs and symptoms and understanding the causes of oral inflammation can help you seek the necessary treatment.

Causes of Oral Inflammation

There are several possible causes of oral inflammation, including:

  • Bacterial, viral, and fungal infections
  • Chronic or recurring conditions, such as gum disease or Sjorgen's syndrome
  • Allergic reactions to food, medication, or other substances
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
  • Hormonal changes, especially during puberty or pregnancy
  • Dental procedures, such as extractions or root canals

Signs and Symptoms

Oral inflammation can cause a variety of signs and symptoms, including:

  • Pain or tenderness in the mouth or throat
  • Redness or swelling in the mouth or throat
  • Dryness, cracking, or discomfort of the lips
  • Canker sores, cold sores, or other sores in the mouth
  • Foul breath
  • Difficulty eating or swallowing
  • Speech problems
  • A lump in the throat
  • A changes in the way your tongue looks or feels


Treatment for oral inflammation depends on its cause. Antibiotics may be prescribed for bacterial or fungal infections. Over-the-counter and prescription medications can help relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Home remedies can also be used, such as rinsing your mouth with warm salt water or applying cold compresses to the affected area. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat an underlying condition or remove damaged tissue.


In order to prevent oral inflammation, avoid putting your mouth in contact with irritants such as tobacco, alcohol, or acidic foods. Maintaining good oral hygiene is also important, as this can help reduce the risk of infection. If you have an underlying condition that can lead to oral inflammation, such as diabetes or Sjorgen’s syndrome, it is important to manage it as best as possible to reduce the risk of complications.