Adenocarcinoma of the Ovaries

Adenocarcinoma of the Ovaries: A Comprehensive Overview

Adenocarcinoma of the ovaries is one of the most common types of ovarian cancer. It is an aggressive disease that accounts for more than two-thirds of all ovarian cancers.

Adenocarcinoma of the ovaries starts in the organ's outer lining, which is made of glands called epithelium. This type of cancer usually affects women over the age of 50, although it can occur at any age.

Symptoms of Adenocarcinoma of the Ovaries

Common symptoms of adenocarcinoma of the ovaries include:

  • Abdominal pain and/or swelling
  • Bloating
  • Heavy feeling in the abdomen
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Changes in bladder and/or bowel habits
  • Pelvic pressure or discomfort
  • Unusual vaginal discharge

Diagnosis and Treatment of Adenocarcinoma of the Ovaries

The diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the ovaries typically begins with a pelvic exam and a discussion of your symptoms and medical history. Your doctor may also order imaging studies such as an ultrasound or pelvic MRI to look for any signs of a tumor. Diagnostic laparoscopy or laparotomy may also be performed to further investigate.

Treatment for adenocarcinoma of the ovaries typically consists of a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Surgery is usually the first step, and in most cases, a complete removal of the ovaries is necessary. Once the cancer has been surgically removed, chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be used to destroy any remaining cancer cells.

Prevention of Adenocarcinoma of the Ovaries

Since the exact cause of adenocarcinoma of the ovaries isn't known, it can be difficult to prevent. However, there are a few lifestyle changes that may help lessen your risk. These include:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Eating a healthy diet that contains plenty of fruits and vegetables
  • Limiting the amount of alcohol you drink
  • Stopping smoking
  • Regular screening tests, such as pap smears and pelvic exams

If you have a family history of ovarian cancer, it may be beneficial to talk to your doctor about genetic counseling and testing. Knowing whether or not you have a genetic predisposition for ovarian cancer can help you and your doctor determine the best course of action for prevention and early detection.