Anterior Uveitis (AU)

What is Anterior Uveitis (AU)?

Anterior Uveitis (AU) is a type of inflammatory eye disease in which the white part of the eye’s front surface, called the uveal tract, becomes inflamed. This inflammation can cause pain, redness, blurred vision, and sensitivity to light due to a buildup of fluid in the eye. The condition is usually treated with topical steroids and other medications, but can be treated surgically if not adequately managed. In some cases, vision loss can occur as a result of AU.

Symptoms of Anterior Uveitis

The primary symptoms of Anterior Uveitis include:

  • Eye pain
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
  • Dark spots in the vision
  • Redness in the eye
  • Eye discharge
  • Tear production

Causes of Anterior Uveitis

The exact cause of Anterior Uveitis is often unknown, but several underlying conditions or diseases can make someone more likely to develop it. These include:

  • Infections (bacterial, fungal, viral, or parasitic)
  • Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus
  • Eye injuries
  • Inflammations, such as pars planitis
  • Eye tumors
  • Reactions to medication

Diagnosis and Treatment

Anterior Uveitis is typically diagnosed by an ophthalmologist who can examine the eye and take a medical history. Other tests may be done to identify any underlying medical conditions that could be causing the inflammation. Treatment typically involves the use of corticosteroid eye drops to reduce inflammation. Depending on the cause of the condition, additional treatment may include eye drops and pills to control infection or the use of immunosuppressive medications to stop an autoimmune reaction.