Nummular Eczema

What is Nummular Eczema?

Nummular eczema, also called nummular dermatitis or discoid eczema, is a chronic skin condition that is characterized by itchy, round or coin-shaped patches of inflamed and discolored skin.

The exact cause of nummular eczema is unknown, but it is believed to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors, such as allergies, stress and skin injuries. It is more common in adults than children, and it tends to occur in areas of skin that have been exposed to irritants or dryness.

Symptoms of Nummular Eczema

The main symptom of nummular eczema is itchy, scaly, red or brown patches of skin that are shaped in a circular or oval pattern. These patches can range in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters. The skin may also blister, ooze or become scaly or thickened.

Other symptoms of nummular eczema may include:

  • Dry skin
  • Cracked or leathery-looking skin
  • Swollen or tender skin
  • Pain around the affected area

Treatment of Nummular Eczema

The goal of treatment for nummular eczema is to reduce itching, improve skin health, and prevent infection. Treatment may include topical, or over-the-counter moisturizers, antibiotics, corticosteroids, oral medications, and even phototherapy.

It is also important to take steps to reduce irritation and allergens that may be triggering the condition. These may include avoiding harsh cleansers, wearing protective clothing, avoiding certain foods, and using gentle skin care products.