Thromboembolic Events

What is a Thromboembolic Event?

A thromboembolic event is a blockage of an artery caused by a clot that forms and breaks off from elsewhere in the body. The clot usually forms in a vein and travels to an artery, blocking the flow of blood. Clot formation is more prevalent in the Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT). If the clot breaks away, it then travels in the bloodstream to an artery in another part of the body, leading to an embolism or occlusion, or thromboembolism.

Factors that Increase the Risk of Thromboembolic Events

There are several factors that can increase an individual’s risk of developing a thromboembolic event. Some of these risk factors are:

  • Age – People over the age of 60 are more likely to have a thromboembolism.
  • Family History – People with a family history of blood clots are more likely to experience a thromboembolism.
  • Sedentary Lifestyle – People who lead a sedentary lifestyle with little to no physical activity are more likely to experience a thromboembolism.
  • Hormonal Contraceptives – Women who use oral contraceptives for birth control are more likely to experience a thromboembolism.
  • Pregnancy – Pregnant women are more likely to experience a thromboembolism due to increased blood clotting and pressure on veins from the growing uterus.
  • Medical Conditions – People who have certain medical conditions such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes are more likely to experience a thromboembolism.

Signs and Symptoms of a Thromboembolic Event

The signs and symptoms of a thromboembolic event can vary depending on the location of the clot. Common signs and symptoms include chest pain, difficulty breathing, weakness, dizziness, confusion, and numbness.

Treatment Options

Treatment for thromboembolic events can vary depending on the severity, location, and size of the clot. Common treatments include anticoagulant medications, thrombolytic medications, and surgery.


Thromboembolic events can be serious medical occurrences that can have serious consequences if left untreated. Understanding the risk factors, signs and symptoms, and treatments can help you be aware of the danger and be proactive in protecting your health.