Testicular self-exam

Testicular Self-Exam (TSE)

A Testicular Self-Exam (TSE) is a simple way for men to familiarize themselves with their body and to help recognize any potential irregularities or signs of a possible health problem. It’s an important practice for maintaining general male health and is highly recommended to be performed once a month for men 15 and over.


Before you begin, make sure your hands are clean. This can be done using warm soapy water or antibacterial hand soap. Once your hands are clean, you can begin the TSE.


To conduct a Testicular Self-Exam, follow these steps:

  • Stand in front of a mirror and look for any irregularities in your scrotum, such as lumps or discolorations.
  • Gently feel each testicle with both hands. You can do this when you’re in the shower, as the warmth of the water can help relax your scrotum.
  • Roll each testicle between your fingers to feel for irregularities. Look for any lumps or bumps.
  • Repeat the above steps a few times a month. Make note of any changes or irregularities.

Types of Testicular Abnormalities

The most common type of testicular abnormality is a hard lump or bump known as a testicular tumor. Other types of abnormalities may include swollen, tender, or lumpy areas on a testicle. If any of these symptoms are present, it is advised that you consult a medical professional immediately.


Though the risk of testicular abnormality is low, it is important to routinely check yourself to detect any signs or symptoms that could indicate a more serious health concern. If a testicular abnormality is detected, it should be addressed as soon as possible to minimize any potential risks.

Why Men Should Conduct a Testicular Self-Exam

Early detection is key to preventing and treating potential testicular abnormalities and even potential testicular cancer. With regular TSEs, men are able to look for any signs of irregularities and catch any issues before they become more serious. Regular TSEs are also a great way for men to familiarize themselves with their bodies and to be more aware of any potential health risks.

When to Conduct a Testicular Self-Exam

It is recommended that men 15 and over perform a TSE once a month. Men should have consistent check-ups and examinations in order to detect any potential issues that may arise. If any abnormalities or irregularities are detected, men should consult their doctor for further evaluation and testing.