Stable antiretroviral regimen

Stable Antiretroviral Regimen for HIV Treatment

Stable antiretroviral regimens (SAR) are an important part of HIV treatment. SARs are drug combinations designed to limit HIV replication in the body and reduce its ability to cause harm. SARs are especially important forthose living with HIV because they can help to keep HIV in check and slow down its progression.

When HIV is in its early stages, antiretroviral therapy (ART) is often used as a first-line treatment. ART is the use of only one or two drugs to control HIV replication. However, because HIV tends to become resistant to single ART drugs over time, a SAR is recommended as a more long-term solution for HIV treatment.

A successful SAR should include three or more antiretroviral drugs from two or more different drug classes. This combination should be tailored to the patient’s individual needs, taking into account any other drugs they may be taking and any side effects they may be experiencing.

The primary goal of a SAR is to decrease the amount of HIV in the body to a level that cannot be detected in lab tests. This is referred to as “viral suppression.” Viral suppression has been shown to reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to others, improve overall health, and reduce the risk of drug-resistant HIV infections.

There are a variety of factors to consider when choosing a SAR, including the following:

  • Patient's medical history
  • What other medications the patient is taking
  • The patient's age, gender, and lifestyle
  • The cost of the drugs
  • The potential side effects of each drug
  • The patient's ability to adhere to the regimen

SARs are an important part of HIV treatment and should be discussed with a healthcare provider to determine the best option for each patient. With a stable antiretroviral regimen, HIV can be kept in check and slow down its progression, helping to improve quality of life and reduce the risk of spreading HIV.