Ocular Hypertension

What is Ocular Hypertension?

Ocular hypertension is a common eye condition caused by increased pressure inside the eye. It can occur when the eye produces too much fluid or there isn’t enough drainage from the eye. Although it can put a person at an increased risk of glaucoma, ocular hypertension itself isn’t glaucoma. With ocular hypertension, the cornea and optic nerve have no signs of damage. However, if ocular hypertension is not detected and treated, it can lead to serious vision problems.

Symptoms of Ocular Hypertension

Ocular hypertension typically has no outward signs or symptoms. Therefore, the only way to detect it is through a comprehensive eye exam. During this type of exam, your eye care professional will measure the intraocular pressure (IOP) within the eye with a tonometer. If your IOP is higher than normal, you may have ocular hypertension.

Treatment for Ocular Hypertension

If your eye care professional diagnoses that you have ocular hypertension, you may be prescribed medications to help reduce your IOP. These medications usually come in eye drops form and, if taken regularly, can help reduce your risk of developing glaucoma. Other treatment options, such as laser surgery, may also be recommended depending on the severity of your condition.

Tips to Manage Ocular Hypertension

Certain lifestyle choices can also help manage ocular hypertension, such as:

  • Quit smoking, if applicable
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat a balanced diet full of fruits and vegetables
  • Get regular, comprehensive eye exams

In addition, be sure to take any prescribed medications as directed by your eye care professional and don’t forget to ask questions or voice any concerns.