Delayed chemotherapy induced naused and vomiting

Delayed Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting

Chemotherapy treatments are necessary for many cancer patients to rid their bodies of cancer cells. Unfortunately, one of the side effects of chemotherapy treatments for many patients is nausea and vomiting. In many cases, the nausea and vomiting is delayed, occurring hours after the chemotherapy is administered.

Delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (DCINV) can occur up to a day after receiving chemotherapy. Many patients experience DCINV over the duration of their chemotherapy treatments. DCINV can disrupt patients’ lives and negatively affect their quality of life.

Causes of DCINV

The exact cause of DCINV is unknown. However, some contributing factors may include certain chemotherapy agents, radiation treatment, prior episodes of nausea and vomiting, and lifestyle factors such as poor diet, drinking alcohol, smoking, and high levels of stress. Some studies have found that certain age groups are more likely to experience DCINV than others. Women seem to be more prone to DCINV than men.

Treatment of DCINV

There are several treatments available for DCINV which may help reduce the severity of the symptoms. These include:

  • Anti-nausea medications to help control and decrease the feeling of nausea.
  • Antacids to neutralize stomach acid and reduce vomiting.
  • Pain medications to treat abdominal pain caused by DCINV.
  • Changes in lifestyle such as reducing stress levels, avoiding alcohol and caffeine, quitting smoking, and improving diet.
  • Acupressure wristbands to help relieve nausea.

In extreme cases of DCINV, drug treatment may be necessary. However, it should always be done under the supervision and direction of a doctor.

Prevention of DCINV

Prevention is the best way to reduce the risk of DCINV. Patients should follow their doctor’s instructions when it comes to chemotherapy treatments and should discuss any potential side effects with their doctor. Patients should also practice good lifestyle habits and take measures to reduce their stress levels.

Delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting can severely disrupt a patient’s quality of life. Fortunately, there are treatments and lifestyle measures that can help reduce the symptoms of DCINV and restore patients’ quality of life.