Metastatic Penile cancer

What is Metastatic Penile Cancer?

Metastatic penile cancer is a rare form of cancer that arises in the cells of the penis and then spreads to other parts of the body. It is usually caused by the same type of cancer that first developed in the penis. Symptoms of metastatic penile cancer may include enlarged lymph nodes, pain or discomfort in the area, changes in the size or shape of the penis, and swelling. Treatment of metastatic penile cancer often includes a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and possibly surgery.

Risk Factors for Metastatic Penile Cancer

Risk factors for developing penile cancer are not well understood, but some factors that can increase a person's risk of developing the condition include:

  • Age – Penile cancer is most commonly seen in males over the age of 50.
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) – HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that is linked to a higher risk of certain types of cancer, including penile cancer.
  • Smoking – Smokers have an increased risk of developing penile cancer.
  • Circumcision– Men who are not circumcised have a higher risk of developing penile cancer.

Diagnosis of Metastatic Penile Cancer

If your doctor suspects that you may have metastatic penile cancer, they may order a biopsy of affected tissues. This procedure involves taking a small sample of tissue from the penis and then examining it under a microscope to determine if cancer cells are present. To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor may also order imaging tests such as an MRI or ultrasound.

Treatment for Metastatic Penile Cancer

Treatment for metastatic penile cancer may include a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and sometimes surgery. Chemotherapy may be used to shrink or destroy the cancer, while radiation therapy may be used to target specific areas of the body that are affected by the cancer. Surgery may be recommended to remove any cancerous tissues or lymph nodes.

Living with Metastatic Penile Cancer

Living with metastatic penile cancer can be a difficult and uncertain time. It is important to talk to your doctor and healthcare team about any questions or concerns you may have. There are also a variety of support groups and online resources available to help you cope with the diagnosis and treatment process.