What is Dysuria?

Dysuria is pain or discomfort when urinating. It is one of the most common symptoms of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Dysuria can be caused by infections, irritation, inflammation of the urinary tract (which includes the bladder, urethra, and kidneys), and certain medical conditions such as interstitial cystitis.

Symptoms of dysuria usually include a burning sensation and pain during urination, as well as an increased frequency of urination. Other less common symptoms include the presence of blood in the urine, pain in the lower abdomen or groin area, and a foul-smelling or cloudy urine.

Causes of Dysuria

The most common cause of dysuria is a UTI, but other causes can include:

  • Infections of the urethra, bladder, or kidneys
  • Vaginitis or pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Sexually transmitted infections, including chlamydia and gonorrhea
  • Interstitial cystitis, which is chronic inflammation of the bladder
  • Urethral stricture, which is narrowing of the urethra
  • Kidney stones

Treatments for Dysuria

Treatment for dysuria depends on the underlying cause. If a UTI is suspected, a doctor will usually prescribe antibiotics. Pain medications can also be prescribed if necessary. If the cause is an enlarged prostate, medication can be prescribed to alleviate symptoms. If pelvic inflammatory disease is the cause, antibiotics can be used to treat the infection.

It is important to see a doctor if you have symptoms of dysuria. A doctor can perform tests, such as a urinalysis or urine culture, to determine the cause and recommend the best course of treatment.