Cytomegalovirus viremia

What is Cytomegalovirus Viremia?

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia is a type of viral infection caused by the cytomegalovirus. It is a common virus that can affect many different types of people from all walks of life. The virus is usually spread through contact with bodily fluids or even contact with an object, such as a used tissue. CMV viremia can cause a wide range of symptoms, ranging from mild to severe, depending on the person’s age and health.

The symptoms of CMV viremia include fatigue, fever, muscle aches, sore throat, and enlarged lymph nodes. In more severe cases, the infection can cause serious and even life-threatening health complications, such as pneumonia, meningitis, and encephalitis. To diagnosis cytomegalovirus viremia, a blood test must be done to detect the presence of CMV in the bloodstream.

Treatment for Cytomegalovirus Viremia

Treatment for CMV viremia typically entails antiviral medications to reduce the viral load and provide relief from the virus' symptoms. Common antiviral medications that may be prescribed include ganciclovir, acyclovir, valacyclovir, and foscarnet.

In some cases, the immune system is unable to effectively clear the virus from the body on its own. In these cases, a course of oral or intravenous immune globulin may be prescribed.

In rare cases, a bone marrow transplant may be recommended to treat cytomegalovirus viremia that is resistant to antiviral medications.

Prevention of Cytomegalovirus Viremia

The best way to avoid getting cytomegalovirus viremia is to take preventive measures. These include avoiding contact with people who have the virus, and practicing good hand hygiene and other infection control measures. Immunocompromised individuals should also be mindful of taking any unnecessary risks that could potentially expose them to the virus. Regular testing for CMV viremia, especially for those with compromised immune systems, is also recommended.

Vaccines are also available to protect against CMV, however, they are not currently approved for use in humans by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.