What is Vulvovaginitis?

Vulvovaginitis is an inflammation and infection of the vulva and vagina in females. It is a very common issue affecting many women in some period in their lives, and in most cases, its results are mild and easily treated. It is caused by an imbalance of bacteria normally found in the genital region, or by other microorganisms, such as yeast.

What are Symptoms of Vulvovaginitis?

Common symptoms of vulvovaginitis include:

  • Itching and burning around the vulva and vagina
  • Discharge
  • Pain and irritation when urinating
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Redness and swelling of the vulva and vagina

What are Causes of Vulvovaginitis?

Vulvovaginitis is usually caused by an infection, such as bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis, or by an overgrowth of yeast. Other causes include allergic reactions to hygiene products, such as soaps and detergents, exposure to irritants, such as perfumes or douches, and wearing tight clothing. In young girls, vulvovaginitis can be caused by improper hygiene.

What are Treatments for Vulvovaginitis?

Treatment for vulvovaginitis depends on the cause. For an infection, such as bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis, antibiotics may be prescribed. If the cause is a yeast infection, antifungal medication may be prescribed. Other treatments may include avoiding douches or scented soaps, wearing loose clothing, and avoiding irritants that may cause an allergic reaction. For young girls, proper hygiene can help prevent and treat vulvovaginitis.