Varicose veins non-site specific

What Are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are swollen, twisted, and enlarged veins that can usually be seen on the surface of the skin. They may appear as a blue, raised, and lumpy mass that is often larger than the surrounding veins. Varicose veins can occur anywhere on the body but are most common on the legs and feet.

What Causes Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are caused by weakened walls and valves in the veins. When the vein walls and valves become weak, they can no longer move blood efficiently up the leg and instead it pools in the legs causing increased pressure which leads to the veins bulging and the valves not closing properly.

Who Gets Varicose Veins?

Anyone can get varicose veins, but some people are more prone to them than others. Factors that may increase your risk include:

  • Age – the risk of varicose veins increases with age.
  • Heredity – you're more likely to get varicose veins if they run in your family.
  • Gender – women are more likely to get varicose veins than men.
  • Occupation – people whose job involves standing for long periods of time have a higher risk.
  • Obesity – people who are overweight or obese are more prone to varicose veins.

Are Varicose Veins Painful?

Varicose veins are not usually painful. In some cases, people with varicose veins may experience aching or burning sensations in their legs, especially after standing for long periods of time. They may also experience swelling or tiredness in the legs.

How Are Varicose Veins Treated?

In most cases, varicose veins can be treated with lifestyle changes such as exercise and weight loss. Your doctor may also suggest wearing compression stockings or using a special device to massage the affected area. In some cases, surgical treatments may be recommended to remove or reduce the appearance of varicose veins.