Blood pressure measurement


Blood Pressure Measurement

Blood pressure is one of the most important measures of a person’s health. It is often used to diagnose and monitor conditions such as hypertension or heart disease. Knowing your blood pressure can help you make informed decisions about your health. In this article, we will discuss what blood pressure is, how it is measured, the different types of blood pressure measurements, the potential risks, and when it should be checked.


Before measuring your blood pressure, be sure to rest for at least five minutes. This helps ensure that your results are more accurate. It’s also important that you remain still and in the same position during the measurement.


The blood pressure measurement is taken using a device called a sphygmomanometer. It consists of a flexible cuff, a pump, and a gauge or manometer that measure your blood pressure. The cuff is wrapped around your upper arm and then filled with air from the pump. This squeezes your blood vessels slightly, causing the pressure to rise. The pressure is monitored by the gauge, which notes the systolic and diastolic readings.

Types of Measurement

There are two types of blood pressure measurements: systolic and diastolic. Systolic is the highest pressure and is a measure of the force exerted by the heart during contraction. Diastolic is the lowest pressure and is a measure of the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats.

Risks and Complications

High blood pressure can increase your risk for serious health complications such as stroke, heart attack, and kidney failure. It is important to keep your blood pressure in a normal range.

Why and When Should Blood Pressure Be Checked?

Your blood pressure should be checked on a regular basis, as it helps indicate any potential health problems. Your doctor can use your blood pressure readings to make decisions about your health.

  • It should be checked at least once every two years if you’re over 18.
  • It should be checked more regularly if you have any of the following conditions: diabetes, high cholesterol, coronary artery disease, or a family history of hypertension.
  • If you’ve had a heart attack or stroke, your blood pressure should be checked on a regular basis.
  • If you are pregnant, it should be checked at least once a month to ensure that it remains within a normal range.

Blood pressure is an important measure of your health and should be checked regularly. Knowing your blood pressure numbers can help you make informed decisions about your health and reduce your risk for developing serious complications.