Migraine With Aura

Migraine With Aura: What You Need To Know

Migraine with aura is a neurological disorder characterized by a recurring pattern of extreme headaches, often with specific visual, sensory and speech disturbances. Individuals with migraine with aura experience a type of visual hallucination, known as an aura, prior to or during their migraine episodes. The symptoms of migraine with aura may significantly hamper daily functioning, and can be extremely distressing.

Common Symptoms of migraine With Aura

  • Sensitivity to light, sound, smell or touch
  • Headache pain ranging from moderate to severe
  • Nausea
  • Stiffness in the neck and shoulders
  • Changes in vision, such as blurred vision or seeing flashing lights or halos
  • Temporary loss of vision
  • Sensitivity to light or loud noises
  • Pins and needles sensation in the limbs
  • Confusion or difficulty concentrating
  • Tingling or a feeling of numbness in the face or limbs
  • Difficulty speaking or slurred speech

It’s important to note that not all migraine attacks occur in the same way, and the frequency and intensity of aura symptoms may vary from person to person. In addition, you may experience a migraine with aura but not have the headache component.

Causes of Migraine With Aura

The exact cause of migraine with aura is still unknown, but researchers suggest that the condition is due to increased activity or overexcitement of particular nerve pathways in the brain. Factors that may trigger or worsen migraine with aura include:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Stress
  • Certain foods and drinks, such as aged cheese, processed meats, alcohol, caffeine, and chocolate
  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Dehydration
  • Bright lights or loud noises
  • Weather changes

Diagnosis and Treatment of Migraine With Aura

The diagnosis of migraine with aura can be made by a doctor based on the patient’s history and symptoms. Treatment of migraine with aura typically involves medications such as Triptans to relieve the headache and anti-nausea medications to reduce nausea and vomiting. In some cases, lifestyle modifications may be recommended, such as reducing stress and avoiding certain triggers. Talk to your doctor about the best treatment plan for you.