The Basics Of Varices: What You Need To Know

Varices are veins that have become swollen and twisted, most commonly found on the legs. They are also very common in the esophagus and stomach. Varices can be painful and are often visible when a person stands up or moves around. In this article, we will discuss the basics of varices and what you need to know about them.

Causes of Varices

Varices can be caused by a number of different factors, both internal and external. The primary cause is often due to weakened veins resulting in increased pressure within the vein, leading to swelling and twisting of the vessel. Other causes include congestive heart failure, pregnancy, obesity, and certain medications.

Signs and Symptoms of Varices

Typically, the signs and symptoms of varices can include:

  • Pain, ache, or tenderness in the affected area
  • Skin discoloration or irritations
  • A visible bulging of the vein
  • Itching or burning sensations
  • Swelling of the affected area

Diagnosis of Varices

The diagnosis of varices generally involves a physical exam and possibly an imaging test such as an ultrasound or CT scan. In addition, blood tests and other laboratory tests may be ordered to determine if any other underlying conditions are causing the varices.

Treatment of Varices

The treatment of varices typically depends on the severity of the condition. Some measures that can be taken include lifestyle changes such as losing weight and improving circulation, wearing compression stockings, avoiding standing for long periods of time, elevating the affected area, and taking medications. In more severe cases, surgery may be recommended.

Prevention of Varices

In order to prevent varices from developing, it is recommended to maintain a healthy weight, exercise regularly, wear support clothing or stockings, and practice good circulation habits. Additionally, it is important to monitor any medications you may be taking and speak with your doctor if you believe they are having an effect on your veins.