Upper respiratory tract congestion

Upper Respiratory Tract Congestion: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Upper respiratory tract congestion is a common condition that happens when the upper airways become blocked due to inflammation, swelling, or mucus. It can cause difficulty breathing, coughing, sneezing, and a feeling of heaviness or pressure in the chest. It can also be accompanied by fever, a sore throat, and other symptoms. Treatment typically includes medication to reduce inflammation and mucus, as well as lifestyle changes to reduce the frequency of bouts of congestion.


Upper respiratory tract congestion is usually caused by a cold, flu, allergy, or asthma. It can also be caused by air pollutants, smoking, environmental irritants, or an infection. It is important to note that physical exercise or extreme weather conditions can also trigger congestion.


  • Thick, sticky mucus in the nose and throat
  • Prolonged sneezing or coughing
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Hoarse voice
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Sore throat or nasal blockage
  • Facial pain


Treatment for upper respiratory tract congestion typically includes medications to reduce inflammation and mucus. Nasal decongestants, antihistamines, and steroids can be used to reduce the blockage and ease the symptoms. In addition, it is important to practice good hygiene and avoid irritants and allergens, as this can help prevent further episodes. Drinking plenty of fluids, using a humidifier, and gargling can also help.