Transient Heart Block

Transient Heart Block

Transient heart block, also known as a transient non-conducted P wave, is a type of disruption of the normal rhythm of a heart beat. It occurs when a heart beat occurs with a gap of one or more beats before the next beat. Transient heart block can be caused by medical conditions or medications, and can lead to serious complication such as stroke or heart attack.

What Causes Transient Heart Block?

Transient heart block can occur due to medical conditions such as an enlarged heart, an infection of the heart tissue, a heart attack, or a problems associated with drug therapy. Common complications associated with the condition include arrhythmias, stroke, and heart attack.

Identifying the Cause of Transient Heart Block

In order to determine the cause of transient heart block, doctors will take a detailed medical history and perform certain tests. Along with chest x-rays, an electrocardiogram (EKG) helps to monitor the electrical patterns of the heart. An echocardiogram, which is an ultrasound of the heart, can be used to provide images of the heart to determine whether there is an issue.

Treating Transient Heart Block

The treatment for transient heart block depends on the underlying cause of the condition. If the condition is caused by an underlying medical condition, then medications, pacemakers, surgery, or an implanted or external defibrillator may be used. If the cause is related to a drug, then adjusting the dosage or switching to another medication may be necessary. There are also lifestyle modifications that can help to manage the symptoms, such as reducing stress, maintaining a proper diet, getting enough exercise, and quitting smoking.

Complications of Transient Heart Block

Left untreated, transient heart block may lead to more serious complications. These can include:

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Heart arrhythmias
  • Heart failure

Preventing Transient Heart Block

It is important to take steps to prevent the onset of transient heart block. Here are some tips for reducing the risk of developing the condition:

  • Maintain regular medical check-ups
  • Follow your doctor’s instructions for taking medication
  • Manage health issues such as high blood pressure and diabetes
  • Quit smoking
  • Eat a balanced, healthy diet
  • Get regular exercise
  • Reduce stress