Learning Disorders

What Are Learning Disorders?

Learning disorders are neurological disorders that can disrupt a person’s ability to learn. These disorders can cause a person to have trouble processing verbal and nonverbal information, as well as difficulty understanding and manipulating language. Examples of learning disorders include dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, auditory processing disorder, and other speech and language disorders.

What Are the Symptoms of Learning Disorders?

The symptoms of learning disorders vary by disorder and individual. Common symptoms may include difficulty processing language, difficulty with reading, writing, math, memory, concentration, disorganization, and/or social communication. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and can have an impact on academic growth, social interaction, communication and behavior.

Types of Learning Disorders

  • Dyslexia – A language-based disorder that involves difficulty with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and spelling.
  • Dyscalculia – Difficulty understanding and working with numbers.
  • Dysgraphia – Difficulty with written expression and handwriting.
  • Auditory Processing Disorder – Difficulty processing and interpreting auditory information.
  • Language Disorder – Difficulty understanding or using spoken or written language.

Treatment for Learning Disorders

Learning disorders are lifelong conditions, but there are treatments and strategies that can help individuals manage them. Treatments may include special education, occupational or physical therapy, speech and language therapy, psychotherapy, and medications. It is important to work with healthcare professionals to create an individualized treatment plan that best fits a person’s needs.