Liver disorder

What is Liver Disorder?

A liver disorder is a medical condition that affects the normal functioning of the liver, which is an organ responsible for metabolism, detoxification, blood clotting and digestion of food. Liver disorders can range from mild to life-threatening and can be either inherited or acquired. Some of the most common liver disorders include hepatitis, fatty liver disease, liver cirrhosis, autoimmune hepatitis and hemochromatosis.

Symptoms of Liver Disorder

The symptoms of liver disorder will depend on the type and severity of the disorder. Common signs and symptoms include:

  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
  • Dark urine
  • Itchy Skin
  • Abdominal pain and swelling
  • Fatigue and Lethargy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pale stools
  • Weight loss

Causes of Liver Disorders

The most common causes of liver disorders include viral infections like hepatitis A, B and C, excessive alcohol consumption, certain medications, inherited diseases likeWilson's disease, and autoimmune diseases like Primary Biliary Cirrhosis. Other causes include liver cancer, drugs, poisons (including certain herbal products), some rare genetic diseases, and excessive iron or copper accumulation in the body.

Diagnostic Tests for Liver Disorders

In order to diagnose a liver disorder, a doctor will typically order several tests designed to look for the presence of a virus, evaluate the liver's performance, as well as the presence of any toxins. Common tests include blood and urine tests, imaging tests, liver biopsy, genetic testing, and special tests for hepatitis.

Treatment of Liver Disorders

Treatment of liver disorders will vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. In general, the focus of treatment will be on eliminating the underlying cause of the condition, such as by treating a viral infection or abusing alcohol. Additional treatments may include lifestyle modifications, medications to manage the symptoms, or surgery.