Testicular Cancer

What is Testicular Cancer?

Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the testicles, which are located inside the scrotum. It is one of the few types of cancer that primarily affects men, with around 8,000 being diagnosed annually in the United States. While testicular cancer is rare, it is the most common cancer in males between the ages of 15 and 35.

What Are the Symptoms of Testicular Cancer?

Although it can affect males of all ages, testicular cancer typically affects men between the ages of 20 and 39. Symptoms may include:

  • A lump or enlargement in either testicle
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • A dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin area
  • A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
  • Pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum

It is important to note that testicular cancer does not always cause symptoms. Therefore, it is important for men to regularly perform testicular self-exams to check for any possible lumps or abnormalities.

Diagnosis and Treatment for Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is usually detected through a physical exam, ultrasound, or blood test. After diagnosis, the cancer must be treated as quickly as possible to prevent it from spreading. Treatment may involve the removal of the testicle (radical orchiectomy), radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy.

Preventing Testicular Cancer

Since there is no sure way to prevent testicular cancer, it is important for men to regularly perform testicular self-exams. If any changes or abnormalities are noticed, it is important to make an appointment with a urologist so that the proper tests and treatments can be administered.