Syncope or fainting sensation

Understanding Syncope or Fainting Sensation

Syncope or fainting sensation is a very common medical condition that affects millions of people. It is a condition where a person loses consciousness and falls to the ground suddenly.

Syncope or fainting can be caused due to a number of triggers such as:

  • Emotional stress
  • Dehydration
  • Excessive heat
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Low blood pressure
  • Certain drugs or medications
  • Prolonged standing

Fainting could also be caused due to a heart disorder or a neurological issue. In some cases, it may be related to an underlying medical condition.

Syncope or fainting is characterized by several symptoms such as:

  • Feeling faint, dizzy or lightheaded
  • Feeling of warmth or nausea
  • Seeing stars or blackout
  • Numbness or tingling in extremities
  • Rapid heartbeat or palpitations
  • Uncontrollable sweating

Depending on the severity of the episode, the duration of fainting could range from seconds to minutes. After regaining consciousness, the victim may experience confusion, weakness or headaches. In some cases, medical attention may be required if the episode is prolonged.

In order to diagnose this condition and its cause, medical history, physical examination and some laboratory tests may be performed. Treatment usually includes avoiding the triggers and reducing emotional stress. In some cases, medications may be prescribed to control a heart arrhythmia or treat low blood pressure.