Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)


Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infectious diseases that can be spread from person to person through sexual contact. They are very common, and anyone who is sexually active is at risk for getting an STD. Common STDs include:

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Genital herpes
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Syphilis

It is important to know how to protect yourself from STDs and to practice safe sex. It is also important to get tested regularly and to get treated for any STDs as soon as possible if you have any symptoms.

Symptoms of STDs

If you have an STD, you might not have any symptoms. But if you do have symptoms, they can vary depending on the type of STD. Common symptoms include:

  • Itching or burning in the genital or anal area
  • Painful urination
  • Unusual discharge from the penis or vagina
  • Sores or blisters in the genital or anal area
  • Fever or swollen lymph nodes

If you have any of these symptoms, you should see a doctor and get tested. Untreated STDs can lead to serious health problems, so it is important to get treatment as soon as possible.

Prevention of STDs

The best way to prevent the spread of STDs is to practice safe sex. This means using protection, like condoms or dental dams, during sexual intercourse. Other steps you can take to prevent STDs include:

  • Knowing your partner’s STD status and using protection even if you have how each other
  • Avoiding illicit drug use, especially intravenous (IV) drug use
  • Getting tested regularly, even if you don’t have any symptoms
  • Limiting your number of sexual partners

Talk to your healthcare provider about any questions or concerns you have about STDs and how to prevent them.