What is Neuritis?

Neuritis is inflammation of a nerve or nerves. It usually causes pain, numbness, and weakness in the affected area. It can occur in any of your peripheral nerves, which are the nerves that carry messages to and from your brain and spinal cord and the rest of your body.


Common symptoms of neuritis include:

  • Pain – which can be sharp, aching, burning, throbbing or shooting depending on the severity of the condition
  • Tingling – usually felt in the arms, legs, hands, and feet
  • Sensitivity to touch
  • Muscle weakness or paralysis
  • Twitching
  • Difficulty moving the affected area
  • Loss of coordination


Neuritis can be caused by a variety of illnesses. Some of the most common causes are:

  • Trauma – injuries to the nerves can cause inflammation and nerve damage
  • Infections – viruses, bacteria, and fungi can all cause inflammation of the nerves
  • Autoimmune disorders – conditions like multiple sclerosis, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis can damage nerves and cause inflammation
  • Toxins and chemicals – exposure to toxins and certain medications can affect the nerves and cause inflammation
  • Diabetes – high blood sugar levels can lead to nerve damage and inflammation


Treatment for neuritis will depend on the cause. Treatment may include:

  • Rest – to allow the nerve time to heal
  • Antibiotics – to treat any underlying infections
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – to reduce inflammation and pain
  • Steroid injections – to further reduce inflammation
  • Physical therapy – to strengthen muscles and promote healing of the affected areas


The best way to prevent neuritis is to avoid any activity or condition that can cause nerve damage. This includes avoiding injuries, exposure to toxins or chemicals, and controlling any underlying health conditions such as diabetes.