Nasal Allergies

What Are Nasal Allergies?

Nasal allergies, also known as allergic rhinitis, are caused by an overreaction of the immune system to an allergen. Common allergens include pollen, dust mites, pet dander, and mold. When a person with allergies breathes in an allergen, their body releases histamine, which triggers itching, sneezing, congestion, and nasal discharge.

What Are the Symptoms of Nasal Allergies?

The most common symptoms of nasal allergies include:

  • Sneezing
  • Runny Nose
  • Itchy, Watery Eyes
  • Congestion
  • Headache
  • Postnasal Drip

How Are Nasal Allergies Diagnosed?

If you suspect you have nasal allergies, your healthcare provider can perform a physical examination and ask about your symptoms to help make a diagnosis. Additionally, they may recommend allergy tests, such as skin prick tests or blood tests, to identify the allergen causing your allergy symptoms.

What Are the Treatments for Nasal Allergies?

Treatment for nasal allergies can include:

  • Antihistamines: These medications can help reduce or prevent allergy symptoms by blocking the effects of histamine.
  • Decongestants: These medications can reduce nasal congestion and reduce the need to take antihistamines.
  • Nasal Sprays: These can help reduce inflammation and reduce the severity of allergy symptoms.
  • Immunotherapy: This type of treatment involves exposing the person to small but increasing amounts of allergens over time to help reduce sensitivity to the allergen.

How Can Nasal Allergies Be Prevented?

The best way to prevent nasal allergies is to avoid contact with the allergens that trigger your symptoms. This may include:

  • Vacuuming regularly and using dust mite covers on pillows and mattresses.
  • Cleaning mold regularly with a bleach solution.
  • Using air purifiers to reduce allergens in the home.
  • Keeping windows and doors closed during times when pollen counts are high.
  • Avoiding areas where pets are present.