Constipation-predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS-C)

Constipation-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS-C)

Constipation-predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS-C) is a functional digestive disorder that affects the large intestine (colon). It is characterized by abdominal pain and discomfort along with constipation. In some cases, people with IBS-C may have bouts of diarrhea, but primarily suffer from constipation. While the exact cause of this condition is unknown, there are many factors that are thought to play a role, including diet, stress, genetics, and the balance of bacteria in the intestine.

Signs and Symptoms of IBS-C

The signs and symptoms of IBS-C are similar to other types of IBS, but they are more strongly focused on constipation. Those with IBS-C may experience the following:

  • Abdominal pain or cramping
  • Mucus in the stool
  • Feeling bloated or full
  • Insufficient passage of stools
  • Frequent gas or flatulence
  • Difficulty passing stools
  • Feeling of incomplete bowel movement

Risk Factors for IBS-C

In many cases, it’s unclear what causes IBS-C. However, certain factors may increase a person’s risk. These factors include:

  • Family history of gastrointestinal disorders
  • Stressful life events
  • Hormonal changes
  • Use of certain medications, such as antibiotics

Diagnosis and Treatment of IBS-C

Doctors diagnose IBS-C based on a person’s symptoms and by conducting tests to rule out other conditions. Tests may include blood tests, stool tests, and imaging scans. Treatment for IBS-C is focused on relieving symptoms and can involve dietary changes, exercises, stress management, and medications.