Eye Infections

Eye Infections: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Eye infections are a common cause of discomfort and can range from mild to severe. Eye infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and even fungi. Common symptoms of eye infections include redness, swelling, itching, discharge, and pain. Treatment typically ranges from over-the-counter medications to prescription antibiotics.

Causes of Eye Infections

Eye infections may be caused by:

  • Bacterial infections
  • Viral infections
  • Fungal infections
  • Foreign objects in the eye
  • Contact lens wear
  • Allergies

Symptoms of Eye Infections

Common symptoms of eye infections include:

  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Itching
  • Discharge
  • Crusting of the eyelids
  • Pain
  • Blurry vision
  • Sensitivity to light

Treatment of Eye Infections

Treatment for eye infections depends on the type and severity of the infection. Oftentimes, eye infections can be treated with over-the-counter medications, such as eye drops or ointments. In more severe cases, a doctor may prescribe antibiotics or specialized eye drops. Additionally, to prevent further infection, it is important to practice proper hygiene, such as frequent hand-washing, and clean contact lenses according to manufacturer’s instructions.