Moderate Community acquired pneumonia

Understanding the Signs, Symptoms and Treatment for Moderate Community Acquired Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a dangerous, and even fatal, lung infection caused by bacteria, viruses, or even fungi. Community acquired pneumonia (CAP), is a lung infection that is typically acquired outside of a healthcare setting, such as in the community. The infection begins when the lungs become filled with fluid or pus, leading to symptoms like chills, shallow breathing, fever, persistent cough and chest pains. In some cases, Pneumonia can have severe complications for an individual in terms of illness and even death. Early diagnosis of moderate to severe cases of community acquired pneumonia can lead to quicker and more successful treatments.

Moderate to Severe Community Acquired Pneumonia Signs and Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of moderate to severe community acquired pneumonia will be similar to those of mild cases, only more severe. Individuals may experience chills, fever, chest pain, persistent cough, rapid breathing, confusion, difficulty in breathing, extreme fatigue, loss of appetite and even cyanosis (bluish skin coloration due to low oxygen levels in the blood). As Moderate or Severe CAP progresses, a person’s symptoms can worsen and can even lead to death if not treated in time.

Diagnosing and Treating Moderate to Severe Community Acquired Pneumonia

When diagnosing moderate to severe CAP, a healthcare professional will take medical history, physical examination and laboratory tests such as chest X-rays, sputum sample, and blood tests. The doctor might have the patients take antibiotics, antiviral medications or even immunosuppressant drugs depending on the cause of the infection and the individual's condition. If a person's lungs show signs of infection, an individual might need to be hospitalized and might receive additional treatments such as fluids and oxygen therapy, breathing machine, or other supportive medications.

Take-Home Message

It is important to be aware and understand the potential signs and symptoms of moderate to severe Community Acquired Pneumonia, as timely diagnosis and treatment can help with quick recovery and prevention of potential serious complications. Individuals should seek medical advice immediately if any symptoms consistent with pneumonia are present.