What is a Mixed Manic Depressive Episode?
A mixed manic depressive episode is a type of mood disorder that is characterized by a combination of manic and depressive symptoms. People with this type of disorder often experience both highs and lows in the same day.
During a manic episode, a person feels abnormally elated and excessively energetic. During a depressive episode, the person has an extreme feeling of hopelessness. During a mixed episode, a person experiences both mania and depression at the same time, resulting in confusion and agitation.
The exact cause of a mixed manic depressive episode is unknown, however, it is believed to be related to an imbalance in hormones and neurotransmitters. Genetics and environment also play a role in the development of the disorder.
Signs and Symptoms of a Mixed Manic Depressive Episode
Symptoms of a mixed manic depressive episode can vary from person to person. Common signs and symptoms of a mixed manic depressive episode include:
- Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
- Decreased need for sleep
- Restlessness or agitation
- Feeling both hopeless and hopeful at the same time
- Inflated self-esteem
- Racing thoughts
- Engaging in risky behaviour
- Significant weight loss or gain
- Periods of mania and depression
Treatment for Mixed Manic Depressive Episode
The most effective treatment for a mixed manic depressive episode is a combination of medications, talk therapy, and lifestyle changes. Medications, such as mood stabilizers, antidepressants, and antipsychotics, can help reduce symptoms. Talk therapy can help a person identify triggers and provide coping mechanisms for managing episodes. Additionally, a person with a mixed manic depressive episode can benefit from lifestyle changes, such as exercising regularly, avoiding drugs and alcohol, and getting adequate sleep.